Engineering Thermodynamics

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D.P Mishra
Indian Institute of Technology - Kanpur
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About the course

This course is designed for undergraduate engineering students, interested in learning the fundamental aspects of engineering thermodynamics. The main emphasis is placed on precise and logical presentation of the basic concepts and principles, which are essential for the better understanding of engineering thermodynamics. Since this is an introductory course, care has been taken to present the materials in a gradual manner to instill confidence in the minds of the students. Attempts have been made to keep the derivation of fundamental equations and principles at an uncomplicated mathematical level. Several examples are provided during lectures for the student to assimilate and reinforce the ideas developed in this subject. Adequate emphasis is given in this course for exposing the students to realistic problems that are likely to be encountered in general engineering practices. Because, the fundamentals of thermodynamics are used extensively while designing all most all engineering systems. The methodical rather than rigid problems solving techniques are enumerated in details to encourage the students to develop a feel for importance of thermodynamics. 

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Intended audience

B.Tech students of Aerospace Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Metallurgical Engineering and Mining Engineering.


+2 Science

Course layout

Week 1: SI Unit, Definitions & Concepts: 
System, Property, Energy, Thermodynamic Equilibrium, Work interaction & various modes of work, Heat, State Postulate; Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics, Temperature Scale.

Week 2: 
Thermodynamic Properties of Fluids: 
Pure substance, Phase of substances, Molecular models of matter,  Phase change processes in pure substance, Graphical representation of phase change processes, Steam Table

Week 3: 
Simple compressible substance, Ideal gas Equation of State, van der Walls Equation of State; Law of corresponding states, Compressibility chart, Pressure-volume; Temperature-volume and  Phase diagrams; Mollier diagram and Steam tables.

Week 4:  
First Law of Thermodynamics for  Nonflow process:
Application of I Law for elementary processes, I Law analysis of Non-flow processes; Use of steam tables & Mollier diagram,
Week 5:  
First Law of Thermodynamics for flow process:
Application of I Law of Thermodynamics for Flow Process-Steady state, steady flow processes, Throttling process; Transient Flow Processes-Charging & discharging of tanks.

Week 6: 
I Law Application to Chemically Reacting Systems: 
Fuels & Combustion, Theoretical Air/Fuel ratio, Standard heat of Reaction and effect of temperature on standard heat of reaction, Adiabatic flame temperature.

Week 7: 
II Law Application to Chemically Reacting Systems: 
Fuels & Combustion, Theoretical Air/Fuel ratio, Standard heat of Reaction and effect of temperature on standard heat of reaction, Adiabatic flame temperature.

Week 8: Applications of II Law of Thermodynamics:
Thermodynamic Temperature scale, Clausius inequality, Entropy, Calculations of entropy change, Principle of entropy increase, T-S diagram, II Law analysis of Control volume.

Week 9: Thermodynamic Potentials
Maxwell relations: Available energy, Availability; Second law efficiency.  Thermodynamic relations, Jacobian methods, Clapeyron and Kirchoff equations, Phase rule.

Week 10: Power Cycles: 
Rankine cycle – Ideal, Reheat and Regenerative Rankine cycles.

Week 11: Gas Power Cycles: 
Gas Power Cycles; Otto cycle, Diesel cycle, Dual cycle and Brayton cycle.

Week 12: 
Refrigeration Cycles:
Vapor compression refrigeration, Absorption refrigeration and Gas refrigeration Cycles.

Suggested reading
Text book: Engineering Thermodynamics, D P Mishra, Cengage Learning, New Delhi (2011).


Reference book
  • Thermodynamics: An Engineering Approach, Y A Cengel & M A Boles,  6th Edition, Tata McGraw-Hill.
  • Fundamentals of Thermodynamics, R.E. Sonntag, C. Borgnkke, G.J. Van Wylen 6th Edition, John Wiley & Sons.

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D.P Mishra

Dr. D.P. Mishra   is working as a professor  in the Department of Aerospace Engineering at Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kanpur, Kanpur, India where he was instrumental in establishing a combustion laboratory. He is currently holding Indian Oil Golden Jubilee Professional Chair in IIT, Kanpur. He has served as Visiting Professor in 2002 at the Tokyo-Denki University, Japan. His areas of research interest include combustion, computational fluid dynamics, atomization, et.. He is recipient of the Young Scientist Award in 1991 from the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Government of India. He has been conferred the INSA-JSPS Fellowship in 2002. In recognition of his research work, Dr. Mishra received  Sir Rajendranath Mookerjee Memorial award  from The Institution of Engineers (India), Kolkata, India.  Dr. Mishra   has been a recipient of Samanta Chadrasekhar award for his contribution to the science and technology.  For technological contribution for the common people, he has been conferred  with Vikash Prerak Sanman in 2010. Currently he is serving as an Assistant Editor, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Elsevier, USA.  Besides this,  he is also serving  as an editorial board member of  Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers, Taylor & Francis,  and International Journal of Turbo and Jet engines. Dr. Mishra has six  Indian patents and around  200   research papers in referred Journals and in conference proceedings to his credit. He has authored a course titled “Fundamentals of Combustion”, published by Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi. Two other text books  on “Experimental Combustion”  and  “Engineering Thermodynamics”  have been  published by  Taylor and Francis, USA and Cengage India Pvt Ltd, New Delhi  respectively. He is also serving as a managing trustee of International Foundation of Humanistic Education.  He is also actively involved in social works in the field of education, natural farming,  etc. He is instrumental in making all India level  group, Awake Mother India which will try to rejuvenate our Mother land.


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