Swayam Central

Flow through porous media

By Prof. Somenath Ganguly   |   IIT Kharagpur
It would not very much be overstatement to say that everything in and around us is porous through which our world flows. The flow through porous media happens in countless number of applications ranging from geophysical flow, recovery of oil, gas, minerals from mother earth, transport and sequestration of contaminant in subsurface, to the large scale chemical processes involving catalyst, filter, adsorbent, and also modeling of physiological processes. Keeping this wide range of applications in mind, I will try to present a general overview of porous media flow, and introduce various theoretical tools to characterize and predict the flow.The course is meant for undergraduate students, pursuing degrees in various engineering disciplines, listed in the section above for intended audience. For few of these disciplines, “Flow through Porous Media” is considered a core course. For others, this subject is taught as part of other core courses with different name. This course will serve as a refresher course for PG students, who are engaged in research related to porous media flow.

INTENDED AUDIENCE : Any engineering students/Faculty
PREREQUISITES :         Background in Fluid Mechanics or equivalent is preferred
INDUSTRY SUPPORT : Chemical Process Industries, Oil & Gas Companies, Environmental Consulatants

Learners enrolled: 473


Course Status : Ongoing
Course Type : Core
Duration : 12 weeks
Start Date : 29 Jul 2019
End Date : 18 Oct 2019
Exam Date : 16 Nov 2019
Category :
  • Chemical Engineering
  • Level : Undergraduate
    This is an AICTE approved FDP course


    Week 1: Introduction, permeability, porosity, various forms of characterizations
    Week 2: Darcy’s Law, mass continuity in Cartesian and cylindrical coordinates, pressure equations 
    Week 3: Reynold’s Number for porous media, Kozeny Carman, and Ergun Equation
    Week 4: Transport mechanisms: bulk and surface diffusion, Knudsen Transport, Klinkenberg effect, slip flow    
    Week 5: Immiscible displacement, two phase mass continuity, capillary pressure
    Week 6: Conceptual models of relative permeability and saturation
    Week 7: Progression of saturation front in two phase flow, Buckley Leverett theory
    Week 8: Miscible displacement, diffusion in porous media, tracer test
    Week 9: Introduction to Taylor Aris dispersion, dispersion regimes
    Week 10: Migration and interception of fine particles
    Week 11: Introduction to flow through deformable porous media
    Week 12: Applications, summary


    1.Scheidegger A.E. The Physics of Flow through Porous Media, University of Toronto Press, 1974 
    2.Dullien F.A.L. Porous Media: Fluid Transport and Pore Structure, Academic Press 1979
    3.Bear J. Dynamics of Fluids in Porous Media, Dover Civil and Mechanical Engineering 1988
    4.Civan F. Porous Media Transport Phenomena Wiley 2011
    5.Vafai K. (Ed) Porous Media: Applications in Biological Systems and Biotechnology, CRC Press 2011.
    6.Ho C.K. and Webb S.W. Gas Transport in Porous Media, Springer 2006.
    7.Coutelieris F.A., Delgado J.M.P.Q. Transport Processes in Porous Media, Springer 2012
    8.Muskat M. The Flow of Homogeneous Fluids through Porous Media, J.W. Edwards Inc. 1946
    9.Kambiz Vafai (Ed) Handbook of Porous Media, CRC Press 2000.


    Prof. Somenath Ganguly

    For more than a decade, I have been teaching at IIT Kharagpur, and supervising a research laboratory on Microstructured Porous Media. I have taught related courses at IIT Kharagpur e.g., Transport in Porous Media, Microscale Transport Process, Fluid Mechanics, Mass Transfer, and Fluid Flow Design. I performed research work in this area resulting in several sole-author publications in Transport in Porous Media (Springer), Journal of Porous Media, Chemical Engineering Research & Design. Also, I coauthored several articles in journals e.g., Society of Petroleum Engineers Journal, Journal of Natural Gas Science & Engineering, Materials Science and Engineering, Microfluidics and Nanofluidics, and Ionics. I stay abreast with new knowledge in this field by regularly reviewing manuscripts, and I have received certificates of excellence for reviewing from Elsevier


    • The course is free to enroll and learn from. But if you want a certificate, you have to register and write the proctored exam conducted by us in person at any of the designated exam centres.
    • The exam is optional for a fee of Rs 1000/- (Rupees one thousand only).
    • Date and Time of Exams: 16th November 2019 Morning session 9am to 12 noon; Afternoon Session 2pm to 5pm.
    • Registration url: Announcements will be made when the registration form is open for registrations.
    • The online registration form has to be filled and the certification exam fee needs to be paid. More details will be made available when the exam registration form is published. If there are any changes, it will be mentioned then.
    • Please check the form for more details on the cities where the exams will be held, the conditions you agree to when you fill the form etc.

    • Average assignment score = 25% of average of best 8 assignments out of the total 12 assignments given in the course. 
    • Exam score = 75% of the proctored certification exam score out of 100
    • Final score = Average assignment score + Exam score

    • If one of the 2 criteria is not met, you will not get the certificate even if the Final score >= 40/100.
    • Certificate will have your name, photograph and the score in the final exam with the breakup.It will have the logos of NPTEL and IIT Kharagpur. It will be e-verifiable at nptel.ac.in/noc.
    • Only the e-certificate will be made available. Hard copies are being discontinued from July 2019 semester and will not be dispatched