Swayam Central

Structural System in Architecture

By Prof. Shankha Pratim Bhattacharya   |   IIT Kharagpur
The structural engineering is an essential component of Architecture. The creativity and imagination of an architect come to reality by adopting a suitable structural system.
Architects should understand the basic principles and concepts of structure in order to apply the structural system suitably. It is also needed for an Architect to communicate effectively with consultants and contractors about the conceived structural system. The course is designed to explain structural concepts clearly, using analogies and examples. The mathematical part of the course is formulated to establish a logical understanding of structural behaviour, bypassing the complexity of calculations. This course is designed in eight weeks and the whole course is divided into two components. Initially, in the first four weeks, the fundamental aspects of structural theories will be discussed. It will include the following four subtopics: statics and structural systems, the strength of material, structural mechanics and structural analysis. In the second part of the course  (remaining four weeks), various types of structural systems like a truss, space frame, plates, shell, tensile structure etc will be discussed. The conceptual development of the structural system will be explained with examples, case studies and possible architectural applications. The special structural system adopted for high-rise buildings will be also present with the examples from contemporary architecture. The last module will include the Bureau of Indian Stranded provisions for structural detailing for project submissions. The key features of the course:       
  • The course is specially designed for the students of architecture for developing their basic structural concept without difficulty.        
  • The lectures will explain structural concepts clearly, using real-life examples and illustrations. The course demonstration will express the mathematical aspects of the
subject in a straightforward, easier and logical way. ·        
  •  The structural theories will be discussed in conceptual way with minimum mathematical computation.       
  •  The prime focus will be to understand the structural system, its advantages and application in architectural design.

PREREQUISITES No Pre-requisites
INDUSTRIES  SUPPORT     : Not Applicable

Learners enrolled: 976


Course Status : Upcoming
Course Type : Core
Duration : 8 weeks
Start Date : 17 Aug 2020
End Date : 09 Oct 2020
Exam Date : 18 Oct 2020
Enrollment Ends : 17 Aug 2020
Category :
  • Architecture and Planning
  • Level : Undergraduate/Postgraduate
    This is an AICTE approved FDP course


    Week 1: Statics and Structural Systems: Force system, Structure and its classification, Supports, Reaction, Structural framing and loading.
    Week 2: Strength of Materials : Theory of Elasticity, Material properties, Shear and Bending moments,
    Week 3: Structural Mechanics: Stress due to bending and shear,Theory of Column
    Week 4: Frame Structure Analysis and Design: Deflection of beams, Analysis of indeterminate structures, The application different types of structural frame in Architecture.
    Week 5: Truss and Space Frame: Concept and application of Truss and Space Frame, Advantages.
    Week 6: Arch, Shell and Dome: Structural concept, Types, Application and advantages, Case study.
    Week 7:  Tensile and Plate Structures: Structural concept, Types,Materials for tensile structures, Application and advantages,Case study.
    Week 8: Special Structures: Pneumatic, Tensegrity and Temporary structures and structures for cost effective technology High rise Structural system, Foundation system, IS Code provisions.


    1. Andrew W. Charleson, Structure as Architecture, Architectural Press, Elsevier.
    2. Victor E. Saouma, Structural Systems and Concepts for Architects, University of Colorado Press.
    3. Angus J. Macdonald, Structure and Architecture Architectural Press, Elsevier.
    4. Jonathan Ochshorn, A.B., Structural Element for Architects and Builders, Architectural Press, Elsevier.
    5. Philip Garrison Basic Structures for Engineers and Architects, Backwell Publishing
    6. Hollee Hitchcock Becker, Structural Competency for Architects, Routledge.
    7. Taranath. B. S., Structural Analysis and Design of Tall Building, Steel and Composite construction, CRC Press.
    8. Gunel M.H. and Ilgin H.E, Tall Buildings Structural Systems and Aerodynamics, Routledge.


    Prof. Shankha Pratim Bhattacharya

    IIT Kharagpur
    Dr. Shankha Pratim Bhattacharya is presently an Assistant Professor in the Department of Architecture and Regional Planning, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur. He is an Architectural Engineer by profession and has more than fifteen years of teaching experience. He did his PhD on Modeling on Building Structure under Seismic Excitation in 2011. He was Worked as Principal Developer for “Developing Suitable Pedagogical Methods for various classes, intellectual calibres and learning” [Course developed: Structural System], a national project anchored by National Mission on Education through Information and Communication Technology (NMEICT) of MHRD, Govt. of India. His area of academic and research interest includes earthquake resistant building, building physics and structural systems. Recently, he had delivered an NPTEL course on Architectural Acoustics


    •The course is free to enroll and learn from. But if you want a certificate, you have to register and write the proctored exam conducted by us in person at any of the designated exam centres.
    •The exam is optional for a fee of Rs 1000/- (Rupees one thousand only).
    Date and Time of Exams: 18 October 2020, Morning session 9am to 12 noon; Afternoon Session 2pm to 5pm.
    •Registration url: Announcements will be made when the registration form is open for registrations.
    • The online registration form has to be filled and the certification exam fee needs to be paid. More details will be made available when the exam registration form is published. If there are any changes, it will be mentioned then.
    •Please check the form for more details on the cities where the exams will be held, the conditions you agree to when you fill the form etc.

    • Average assignment score = 25% of average of best 6 assignments out of the total 8 assignments given in the course.
    • Exam score = 75% of the proctored certification exam score out of 100
    •Final score = Average assignment score + Exam score

    •If one of the 2 criteria is not met, you will not get the certificate even if the Final score >= 40/100.
    • Certificate will have your name, photograph and the score in the final exam with the breakup.It will have the logos of NPTEL and IIT Kharagpur. It will be e-verifiable at nptel.ac.in/noc.
    •Only the e-certificate will be made available. Hard copies will not be dispatched.