Swayam Central

Artificial Intelligence Search Methods For Problem Solving

By Prof. Deepak Khemani   |   IIT Madras
For an autonomous agent to behave in an intelligent manner it must be able to solve problems. This means it should be able to arrive at decisions that transform a given situation into a desired or goal situation. The agent should be able to imagine the consequence of its decisions to be able to identify the ones that work. In this first course on AI we study a wide variety of search methods that agents can employ for problem solving. 
In a follow up course – AI: Knowledge Representation and Reasoning – we will go into the details of how an agent can represent its world and reason with what it knows. These two courses should lay a strong foundation for artificial intelligence, which the student can build upon. A third short course – AI: Constraint Satisfaction Problems – presents a slightly different formalism for problem solving, one in which the search and reasoning processes mentioned above can operate together.

INTENDED AUDIENCE: This is a first course on Artificial Intelligence. While the intended audience is both UG and PG students studying Computer Science, in fact anyone comfortable with talking about algorithms should be able to do the course.
INDUSTRY SUPPORT: Any industry that is involved in development of AI applications. This not only includes software companies (like Microsoft, Google, and Facebook) but also manufacturing companies like Ford and General Electric, and retail companies like Amazon and Flipkart.

Learners enrolled: 21087


Course Status : Upcoming
Course Type : Elective
Duration : 12 weeks
Start Date : 14 Sep 2020
End Date : 04 Dec 2020
Exam Date : 19 Dec 2020
Enrollment Ends : 21 Sep 2020
Category :
  • Computer Science and Engineering
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Data Science
  • Level : Undergraduate
    This is an AICTE approved FDP course


    Week 0 Introduction and Historical Perspective: Turing Test, Language and Thought, Agents
    Week 1 Introduction and Historical Perspective: Mind, Reasoning, Computation, Chess
    Week 2 State Space Search: Depth First Search, Breadth First Search, DFID
    Week 3 Heuristic Search: Best First Search, Hill Climbing, Beam Search
    Week 4 Traveling Salesman Problem, Tabu Search, Simulated Annealing
    Week 5 Population Based Search: Genetic Algorithms, Ant Colony Optimization
    Week 6 Branch & Bound, Algorithm A*, Admissibility of A*
    Week 7 Monotone Condition, IDA*, RBFS, Pruning OPEN and CLOSED in A*
    Week 8 Problem Decomposition, Algorithm AO*, Game Playing
    Week 9 Game Playing: Algorithms Minimax, AlphaBeta, SSS*
    Week 10 Rule Based Expert Systems, Inference Engine, Rete Algorithm
    Week 11 Planning: Forward/Backward Search, Goal Stack Planning, Sussman’s Anomaly
    Week 12 Plan Space Planning, Algorithm Graphplan

    The following topics are not part of evaluation for this course, and are included for the interested student. These topics will be covered in detail in two followup courses "AI: Knowledge Representation and Reasoning" and "AI: Constraint Satisfaction Problems".

    A1 Constraint Satisfaction Problems, Algorithm AC-1, Knowledge Based Systems
    A2 Propositional Logic, Resolution Refutation Method
    A3 Reasoning in First Order Logic, Backward Chaining, Resolution Method


    Text Book:
    1. Deepak Khemani. A First Course in Artificial Intelligence, McGraw Hill Education (India), 2013.

    Reference Books:
    1. Stefan Edelkamp and Stefan Schroedl. Heuristic Search: Theory and Applications, Morgan Kaufmann, 2011.
    2. John Haugeland, Artificial Intelligence: The Very Idea, A Bradford Book, The MIT Press, 1985.
    3. Pamela McCorduck, Machines Who Think: A Personal Inquiry into the History and Prospects of Artificial Intelligence, A K Peters/CRC Press; 2 edition, 2004.
    4. Zbigniew Michalewicz and David B. Fogel. How to Solve It: Modern Heuristics. Springer; 2nd edition, 2004.
    5. Judea Pearl. Heuristics: Intelligent Search Strategies for Computer Problem Solving, Addison-Wesley, 1984.
    6. Elaine Rich and Kevin Knight. Artificial Intelligence, Tata McGraw Hill, 1991.
    7. Stuart Russell and Peter Norvig. Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach, 3rd Edition, Prentice Hall, 2009.
    8. Eugene Charniak, Drew McDermott. Introduction to Artificial Intelligence, Addison-Wesley, 1985.
    9. Patrick Henry Winston. Artificial Intelligence, Addison-Wesley, 1992.


    Prof. Deepak Khemani

    IIT Madras
    Deepak Khemani is Professor at Department of Computer Science and Engineering, IIT Madras. He completed his B.Tech. (1980) in Mechanical Engineering, and M.Tech. (1983) and PhD. (1989) in Computer Science from IIT Bombay, and has been with IIT Madras since then. In between he spent a year at Tata Research Development and Design Centre, Pune and another at the youngest IIT at Mandi. He has had shorter stays at several Computing departments in Europe. Prof Khemani’s long-term goals are to build articulate problem solving systems using AI that can interact with human beings. His research interests include Memory Based Reasoning, Knowledge Representation and Reasoning, Planning and Constraint Satisfaction, Qualitative Reasoning and Natural Language Processing.


    The course is free to enroll and learn from. But if you want a certificate, you have to register and write the proctored exam conducted by us in person at any of the designated exam centres.
    The exam is optional for a fee of Rs 1000/- (Rupees one thousand only).
    Date and Time of Exams: 19 December 2020 Morning session 9am to 12 noon; Afternoon Session 2pm to 5pm.
    Registration url: Announcements will be made when the registration form is open for registrations.
    The online registration form has to be filled and the certification exam fee needs to be paid. More details will be made available when the exam registration form is published. If there are any changes, it will be mentioned then.
    Please check the form for more details on the cities where the exams will be held, the conditions you agree to when you fill the form etc.


    Average assignment score = 25% of average of best 8 assignments out of the total 12 assignments given in the course.
    Exam score = 75% of the proctored certification exam score out of 100

    Final score = Average assignment score + Exam score

    YOU WILL BE ELIGIBLE FOR A CERTIFICATE ONLY IF AVERAGE ASSIGNMENT SCORE >=10/25 AND EXAM SCORE >= 30/75. If one of the 2 criteria is not met, you will not get the certificate even if the Final score >= 40/100.

    Certificate will have your name, photograph and the score in the final exam with the breakup.It will have the logos of NPTEL and IIT Madras .It will be e-verifiable at nptel.ac.in/noc.

    Only the e-certificate will be made available. Hard copies will not be dispatched.

    Once again, thanks for your interest in our online courses and certification. Happy learning.

    - NPTEL team