Swayam Central

Constitutional Government & Democracy in India

By Prof. Amitabha Ray   |   St. Xavier's College (Autonomous), Kolkata
This course acquaints students with the constitutional design of state structures and institutions, and their actual working over time. The Indian Constitution accommodates conflicting impulses (of liberty and justice, territorial decentralization and a strong union, for instance) within itself. The course traces the embodiment of some of these conflicts in constitutional provisions, and shows how these have played out in political practice. It further encourages a study of state institutions in their mutual interaction, and in interaction with the larger extra-constitutional environment.

Learners enrolled: 3606


Course Status : Completed
Course Type : Core
Duration : 8 weeks
Start Date : 15 Jul 2019
End Date : 13 Sep 2019
Exam Date : 09 Nov 2019
Category :
  • Humanities and Social Sciences
  • Level : Undergraduate


    Unit 1: The Constituent Assembly & The Constitution Of India 
    1. Historical Context of Constituent Assembly
    2. Compositions & Functions of Constituent Assembly
    3. Critical Evaluation of Constituent Assembly
    4. Features of Indian Constitution
    5. Preamble to the Constitution of India
    6. Introduction to Fundamental Rights
    7. Right to Equality
    8. Right to Freedom
    9. Constitutional Position of Some Democratic Rights
    10. Right Against Exploitation
    11. Right to Freedom of Religion
    12. Right To Constitutional Remedies
    13. Directive Principles

    Unit 2: Organs Of The Government 
    14. The President of India
    15. Powers and Functions of President of India
    16. Emergency Powers and the Position of the President
    17. Union Council of Ministers
    18. Prime Minister
    19. The Rajya Sabha
    20. The Lok Sabha
    21. Relation between Lok Sabha & Rayja Sabha
    22. Speaker
    23. Legislative Procedures of the Parliament
    24. Parliamentary Committees
    25. The Structure and Organization of the Judiciary & the High Court
    26. The Supreme Court
    27. Role of The Supreme Court
    28. Judicial Activism in India
    29. Basic Structure Doctrine & PIL

    Unit 3: Federalism & Decentralization 
    30. Centre-State Legislative Relations
    31. Centre-State Administrative Relations
    32. Centre-State Financial Relations
    33. The 5th & 6th Schedules
    34. Municipality-1 ( History of Indian Municipality)
    35. Municipality-2 (Organization & Functions)
    36. Panchayat---1 ( Idea of Panchayat)
    37. Organization and Powers of Panchayats in India


    1. Durga Das Basu --- Introduction to the Constitution of India, 23rd Edition (Gurgaon; LexisNexis, 2018).

    2. J.C.Johari -- The Constitution of India: A Politico-Legal Study (Greater Noida: Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. 2013).

    3. Himangshu Roy and M.P.Singh – Indian Political System, 4th Edition (Bengalaru; Pearson Education, 2018)

    4. Vidya Bhushan & Vishnoo Bhagwan--- Indian Administration  (S. Chand, 2011)

    5. S.R.Maheswari --- Indian Administration (Orient Blackswan, 2001)

    6. Dr. A.Avasthi & A.P. Avasthi --- Indian Administration (L.N. Agarwal Educational Publishing, 2017).

    7. B. L. Fadia --- Indian Government and Politics (Sahitya a. Bhawan, 13th Revised Edition, 2017).

    8. P.M.Bakshi – The Constitution of India (Prayagraj, UP; a. Universal Law Publishing, January, 2018)


    Amitabha Ray Photo.jpg Amitabha Ray is a Master of Political Science from the University of Calcutta. He has over thirty years of teaching experience at undergraduate level in Gurudas College, Kolkata. He has seven years of teaching experience at Post Graduate level in Kalyani University. He has also remained the Guest lecturer of Rabindra Bharati University for several years. Amitaha Ray has to his credit several publications in English as well as in Bangla on Politics and Society. Amitabha Ray has participated in many national and international seminars. He has also been the Resource Person for the development of E-content material for undergraduate courses for Political Science for NME-ICT projects. He also has been the recourse person for Online Post graduate Political Science courses for Netaji Subhas Open University.


    30% for in Course Assessment & 70% of end-term Proctored Exam.