Swayam Central

Environmental Law

By Dr. Bharti Kumar   |   National Law University, Delhi

The indelible impact of environment on the lives of people is overwhelming. The current scenario is particularly compounded by multitudinal issues as rampant air and water pollutions, climate change, loss of biodiversity and the like that has contributed to immense problems of environment and health care as well as raised the inevitable question of survival of life itself on earth. Apart from an overview of the vast subject matter, a substantive understanding in the gradual evolution of pertinent themes in environment shall be imparted so that the student is not only conversant with the overall framework of environmental law but also becomes acquainted with fundamental concepts of basic themes. The basic objective is to familiarize the concept and scope of environmental law and also of its particular dominant issues so as to become a value addition in learning and to ignite academic/research interest, eventually.

Learning Outcomes:

-          Learning about the significance of developments in international environmental law and the fundamental principles that    have emerged.

-          Exposition about the human right to environment and constitutional framework governing environment in select countries,               including India. ·

-          Comprehending the statutory and regulatory mechanisms pertaining to environment in India. ·

-          Understanding judicial response to environmental issues in India.

-          Knowing about importance of public participation through Right to information, Public Interest Litigation and other remedies             in preserving and protecting environment.

-         Studying the role of international/ national environmental institutions, NGOs, civil society and community involvement in                  promoting the cause of environment.

-         Understanding the emerging environmental issues as ozone depletion, climate change, energy crisis, nuclear issues, waste            accumulation, marine ecology etc.and the viability of posited solutions.

Learners enrolled: 2063


Course Status : Ongoing
Course Type : Core
Duration : 15 weeks
Start Date : 13 Jan 2020
End Date : 30 Apr 2020
Exam Date : 10 May 2020
Enrollment Ends : 08 Mar 2020
Category :
  • Law
  • Level : Undergraduate/Postgraduate


    The course covers the following topics: Introduction of international environmental law, Principles of environmental law- Polluter pays principle, precautionary principle, sustainable development principle (inter-generational, intra generational, common but differentiated responsibilities) Human rights to environment and constitution of the world, Sources of environmental law, Law relating to Water pollution, Regulation of wetlands, Dams and the environment, Coastal regulation laws in India, High seas and outer space, Law relating to Air pollution, Ozone depletion, Climate change law, Financial mechanisms and technology transfer, Energy laws, Law relating to Waste management, Law relating to Plastic and bio- medical waste management, Industrial disasters and the environment, Disaster management and environment, Chemicals and impact on environment, Regulation of Mining sector in India, Forest conservation laws in India, Wildlife protection, Environment crimes, Biodiversity, Access and benefit sharing, Bio safety and legal issues, Environment Impact Assessment, Procedural environmental rights, Role of NGO in environmental protection, Judicial remedies in environmental cases, Responsibility and Liability for environmental harm, Nuclear energy and law, Armed conflict and the environment, International law and the Protection of the Antarctica and the Arctic, Regional environmental co-operative framework and International environment institutions. 

    Week 1
    1 - Introduction of international environmental law
    2- Principles of environmental law

    Week 2
    3-Human rights to environment and constitution of the world
    4- Sources of environmental law

    Week 3 and 4
    5- Law relating to Water pollution
    6- Regulation of wetlands
    7- Dams and the environment
    8- Coastal regulation laws in India
    9- High seas and outer space

    Week 5 and 6
    10 - Law relating to Air pollution
    11- Ozone depletion
    12- Climate change law
    13- Financial mechanisms and technology transfer
    14- Energy laws

    Week 7 and 8
    15- Law relating to Waste management
    16- Law relating to Plastic and bio- medical waste management
    17- Industrial disasters and the environment
    18- Disaster management and environment
    19- Chemicals and impact on environment

    Week 9

    20- Regulation of Mining sector in India
    21- Forest conservation laws in India
    22- Wildlife protection
    23- Environment crimes

    Week 10
    24- Biodiversity
    25- Access and benefit sharing
    26- Bio safety and legal issues

    Week 11
    27- Environment Impact Assessment
    28- Procedural environmental rights
    29- Role of NGO in environmental protection

    Week 12

    30- Judicial remedies in environmental cases
    31- Responsibility and Liability for environmental harm

    Week 13 and 14

    32- Nuclear energy and law
    33- Armed conflict and the environment
    34- International law and the Protection of the Antarctica and the Arctic
    35- Regional environmental co-operative framework
    36- International environment institutions


    1.) Environmental Law in India: P Leelakrishnan
    2.) Environmental Law and Policy in India: Shyam Divan: Armin Rosencranz
    3.) Further important articles will be shared as and when the course progresses


    Dr. Bharti Kumar

    National Law University, Delhi
    Dr. Bharti is an Associate Professor of Law at National Law University, Delhi (NLUD). She joined NLUD in 2009. She has a long experience of teaching law since 1998. She has been a student of Delhi University and has taught at the Faculty of Law, Law Center I and Law Center II, D.U. before 2009 except for a brief stint at Amity Law School for six months. She has been Visiting Faculty at Indian Law Institute, Institute of Constitutional and Parliamentary Studies, Bureau of Parliamentary Studies and Training etc. She has published several Articles and made Paper Presentations on various topics of law. She has coordinated several Workshops and Seminars at D.U. and NLUD. She is involved as Faculty Coordinator for legal aid activities at NLUD. She has taught across a wide range of subjects. Her areas of interest are Constitutional Law, Environmental Law, Family Law and Criminology. She has done her Ph.D. in Alternate Dispute Resolution with emphasis on Lok Adalats in Delhi.   


    The internal assessment has 30 % weigtage and Term end proctored exam has 70 % weigtage in the final score