1. Introduction : Machining; Plastic Deformation, Tensile Test, Stress and Strain; Mechanism of Plastic Deformation: Slips, defects, plastic deformation on
2. Machining Process : Types of machining processes; Chip formation; Orthogonal and Oblique Cutting; Types of Chips; Built-up edge formation.
3. Tool Geometry : Reference planes; Tool specification: American System (ASA), continental or Orthogonal System (ORS), International or Normal Rake system (NRS); Tool angle relationships in ORS, ASA and NRS; Selection of Tool Angles; Multiple-point cutting tools: twist drill, helical milling cutter.
4 . Mechanics of Metal Cutting : Merchant's Circle Diagram; Co-efficient of Friction: Determination of stress, strain and strain rate; Measurement of shear angle; Thin Zone model: Lee and Shaffer's Relationship; Thick Zone model: Okushima and Hitomi Analysis
5. Friction in Metal Cutting : Nature of sliding friction; Friction in Metal Cutting: Sticking and Sliding Zones, Analysis of Stress Distribution on the tool face: Zorev’s model; Determination of mean angle of friction.
6. Mechanism of Oblique cutting : Rake angles in oblique cutting: Analytical determination of Normal Rake angle, velocity rake angle and effective rake angle; their relationship; shear angles in oblique cutting; velocity relationship; Force relationships in oblique cutting.
7. Practical Machining Operations : Turning, shaping and planning, Slab milling, Drilling: Machining Parameters, force magnitudes, power consumption, material removal rate, time per pass.
8. Measurement of cutting Forces : Basic methods of measurement: Axially Loaded members, Cantilever Beam, Rings and Octagon, dynamometer requirements; machine tool
9. Tool Material, Tool Wear and Tool Life : Types of tool wear; Mechanisms of wear: Abrasion, Adhesion and Diffusion. Progressive tool wear: flank and crater wear. Tool Life: variables affecting tool life - cutting conditions, tool geometry, Types of tool materials, fabrication of cutting inserts, coatings, work material and cutting fluid; Machinability and their criteria.
10. Abrasive Machining Processes: Processes and analyses
11. Economics of Machining: determination of optimal cutting conditions for minimum cost, maximum production rate and maximum profit rate
12. Thermal Aspects of Machining: analytical determination of temperature in the shear zone and the chip-tool contact area
13. Surface finish: comparison and analytical determination of surface finish in turning, milling and grinding
INTENDED AUDIENCE : Mechanical Engineering, Metallurgy, Aerospace Engineering, Production Engineering
PREREQUISITES : Basic Manufacturing Engineering Courses
INDUSTRY SUPPORT : All Manufacturing industries, Machine tool manufacturing industries, Automobile Industries and aeronautical industries