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Swayam Central

Plant Physiology and Plant Tissue Culture

By Dr. Monica Jain   |   Devi Ahilya Viswavidyalaya, Indore
Plants are a part of the biosphere. Without plants life, as we know it, would not be able to exist, since all animals are directly or indirectly dependent on plants for the food needed for their survival. Plants also play an important role in maintaining soil fertility, which is an essential component needed for their growth.

Learners will be able to comprehend about the water metabolism, photosynthesis in plants while also being able to explain about their respiration and nitrogen metabolism.

Learners will also be able to distinguish between the effects of various growth hormones on the growth of plants.

In addition, learners will be able to enhance their knowledge about various aspects of plant tissue culture, while also being able to discern about cloning in plants.

SUMMARY

Course Status : Upcoming
Course Type : Elective
Duration : 12 weeks
Start Date :
End Date :
Exam Date :
Category :
Level : Undergraduate

COURSE LAYOUT

Weeks Weekly Lecture Topics
Week 1 Lecture 1 - BIO-FERTILIZERS
: Lecture 2 - BIO-PESTICIDES
Lecture 3 - ROOT SYSTEM
Lecture 4 - ANATOMY OF ROOTS IN DICOTS & MONOCOTS
Week 2 : Lecture 5 - SHOOT SYSTEM
Lecture 6 - ANATOMY OF STEM IN DICOTS AND MONOCOTS
Lecture 7 - STOMATA – STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION
Lecture 8 - STOMATA – MECHANISM OF MOVEMENT
Week 3 : Lecture 9 - MORPHOLOGY OF FLOWER
Lecture 10 - POLLINATION
Lecture 11 - PLANT FERTILIZATION
Lecture 12 - DEVELOPMENT OF ENDOSPERM AND EMBRYO
Week 4 : Lecture 13 - OSMOSIS AND ABSORPTION OF WATER
Lecture 14 - TRANSPIRATION
Lecture 15 - ASCENT OF SAP
Lecture 16 - PHOTOSYNTHETIC PIGMENTS AND PHOTOSYSTEMS
Week 5 : Lecture 17 - INTRODUCTION TO PHOTOSYNTHESIS
Lecture 18 - LIGHT REACTIONS IN PHOTOSYSNTHESIS
Lecture 19 - DARK REACTIONS IN PHOTOSYNTHESIS
Lecture 20 - FACTORS AFFECTING PHOTOSYNTHESIS AND MEASUREMENT
Week 6 : Lecture 21 - BIOLOGICAL NITROGEN FIXATION
Lecture 22 - REGULATION OF NITROGEN FIXATION
Lecture 23 - NITRATE REDUCTION AND AMMONIA ASSIMILATION
Lecture 24 - AUXINS
Week 7 : Lecture 25 - CYTOKININS
Lecture 26 - GIBBERELLINS
Lecture 27 - ETHYLENE
Lecture 28 - ABSCISIC ACID
Week 8 : Lecture 29 - PHOTOPERIODISM AND VERNALIZATION
Lecture 30 - PHYTOCHROME
Lecture 31 - PLANT MOVEMENT
Lecture 32 - TOTIPOTENCY AND CYTODIFFERENTIATION
Week 9 : Lecture 33- GROWTH MEDIA CONTENTS, PREPARATION & STERILIZATION   
Lecture 34 - CELL CULTURE TYPES 
Lecture 35 - PLANT REGENERATION THROUGH ORGANOGENESIS
Week 10 : Lecture 36 - SOMATIC EMBRYOGENESIS
Lecture 37- SOMATIC EMBRYOGENESIS AND SYNTHETIC SEEDS
Lecture 38– PROTOPLAST ISOLATION AND CULTURE
Lecture 39– SOMATIC HYBRIDIZATION AND ITS APPLICATIONS
Week 11 : Lecture 40 - APPLICATION OF TISSUE CULTURE IN AGRICULTURE
Lecture 41 - APPLICATION OF TISSUE CULTURE IN PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY 
Lecture 42 - CLONAL PROPAGATION & MICROPROPAGATION
Lecture 43 - PRODUCTION OF HAPLOID PLANTS
Week 12 : Lecture 44 - PLANT TRANSFORMATION, PART-1
Lecture 45 - PLANT TRANSFORMATION, PART-2
Lecture 46 - SELECTION AND IDENTIFICATION OF THE TRANSFORMED PLANTS

BOOKS AND REFERENCES

Abobkar I.M. Saad and Ahmed M. Elshahed (2012): “Plant Tissue Culture Media, Recent Advances in Plant in vitro Culture”, Dr. Annarita Leva (Ed.), InTech, DOI: 10.5772/50569. 
B. D. Singh: “Biotechnology”, Kalyani Publishers.
B.P. Pandey: “Plant Anatomy”, S. Chand and Company Ltd., India
Bhojwani, S.S. &Razdan, M.K. (1996): “Plant Tissue Culture: Theory & Practice”, Elsevier.
Brown T.A. (2006) : “GeneCloning and DNA Analysis: An Introduction”, 6th  Edition, Wiley-Blackwell Scientific, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, The Atrium, Southern Gate, Chichster, West Sussex, UK.
David L. Nelson and Michael M. CoxLehninger: “Principles of Biochemistry”,Sixth Edition, W.H. Freeman and Company.
Edwin F. George, Michael A Hall and Geert-Jan De Klerk (2007): “The Components of Plant Tissue Culture Media I: Macro- and Micro-Nutrients”, DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4020-5005-3_3.
P.K. Gupta: “Biotechnology”, Rastogi Publications.
S. B. Agrawal and M. Agrawal (Ed): “Environmental Pollution and Plant Responses”, Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, USA, 2000
S.S Bhojwani and S. P Bhatnagar: “The Embryology of Angiosperms”, Vikas Publishing House Pvt Ltd, India. 
Schreiber, Lukas (2010): “Transport Barriers Made of Cutin, Suberin and Associated Waxes”, in Trends in Plant Science, Volume 15, Issue 10, 546 – 553.
V. Venkateswarlu: “Cytology, Histology and Anatomy of Angiosperms”, S. Chand and Company Ltd., India.
Varalakshmi D, Lakshmi N and Guruprasad K. N.: “Physiological changes in soybean cv JS – 71-05 after the exclusion of UV – A and UV – B from solar radiation”, in Indian. J. Plant Physiology, 602 – 606, 2003.

INSTRUCTOR BIO



Dr. Monica Jain has been working as a Professor and Head, Dept. of Life Sciences at Maharaja Ranjit Singh College of Professional Sciences, Indore (MP). She holds seventeen years of under-graduate and fifteen years of post-graduate teaching experience of Life Science courses. Her area of specialization is in Plant Biotechnology, which involves research on Mutagenesis and production of novel traits", In vitro regeneration" and Enhancement of secondary metabolites in plant cell suspension cultures. Dr. Jain has various research publications as research papers in peer reviewed international journals, as posters and oral paper presentations in national and international level conferences.

COURSE CERTIFICATE

30% for in Course Assessment & 70% of End-term Proctored Exam.

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